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Product Details

Aak / Madar

Calotropis Gigantea is also known as Aka / Madar. This product is highly accepted among customers for its purity. The root bark of this plant is used as a medicine in the treatment of leprosy, hemorrhoids, wounds, tumors, and parasitic infections, it is also mostly used in the treatment of dysentery, Elephantiasis, Epilepsy, Asthma, and many other complaints including other conditions. It is a large shrub growing to 4 m (13 ft) tall. It has clusters of waxy flowers that are either white or lavender in color. Each flower consists of five-pointed petals and a small "crown" rising from the center which holds the stamens. The aestivation found in calotropis is valvate i.e. sepals or petals in a whorl just touch one another at the margin, without overlapping. The plant has oval, light green leaves and a milky stem. The latex of Calotropis gigantea contains cardiac glycosides, fatty acids, and calcium oxalate. The roots also contain Calotropone.

Uses:- The plant is reported as effective in treating skin, digestive, respiratory, circulatory and neurological disorders and was used to treat fevers, elephantiasis, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The milky juice of Calotropis procera was used against arthritis, cancer, and as an antidote for snake bite. The roots also have similar activities and also ac as an effective laxative. The pungent latex extracted from the leaves and fl owers of Calotropis procera is processed and used in the commercial preparation of eye tonics.


Family Apocynaceae Odour Characteristic odour
Latin Name CALOTROPIS GIGANTEA) Herb Extract Ratio
Sanskrit Name Mandar Water solubility
Common Name Aak / Madar Alkaloid Alkaloid 6 %
Solvent Used Taste bitter and sweet ta
Storage Condition Store in a Dry and cool place in double PP bag with container.Appearance Brown Powder

Total heavy metal NMT 10 ppm

Heavy Metal- Total heavy metal NMT 10 ppm Arsenic – NMT 3 ppm
Lead- NMT 10 ppm
Cadmium – NMT 0.3 ppm
Mercury – NMT 1 ppm
Microbial Profile – Total Plate Count NMT 1000 CFU/G
Yeast & Moulds NMT 100 CFU/G
E-Coli Absent
Salmonella Absent
Staphylococcus aureus Absent/G
Pseudomonas Absent/G


Phytochemistry of Calotropis procera has always attracted the attention of researchers because despite its toxicity, it employs wide applications in traditional medicinal system till date. Dating back to 1936, Hesse et al. identified calotropin as the first compound from this plant. Further Hesse and his coworkers7 isolated heart poisons or cardiac glycosides namely calotropin, calotoxin, calactin, uscharin, voruscharin and uscharidin. Root powder of this plant is used in tribes to induce abortion in women and as a uterotonic since the ancient period. Later it was found that it was due to the compound calotropin. Gupta et al administered calotropin to gerbils and rabbits and observed reduction in spermatids count by 65% and 94% respectively. C. gigantea is reported to possess alkaloids, cyanogenic, glycosides, phenolics, tannins 19, cardenolides 20, 21, flavonoids 22, terpenes 23, 24, sterols 25, Proteinases 26 and nonprotein amino acid 27 as major phytochemical groups

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