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Product Details

bitter apple, bitter paddy melon, INDRAY

CITRULLUS COLOCYNTHIS (INDRAYAN) is an herb, The root, bark, and leaves of Colocynthis are used medicinally and show mild stomach, bitter tonic, diuretic, and antihthic properties. It is used as purgative and diuretic. The fruit is bitter, pungent, and pure, used for anthelmintic, antipyretic, gout, tumor, leucoderma, ulcer, asthma, etc.

Uses:- Dried pulp of unripe fruit is used medicinally for its drastic purgative and hydragogue cathartic action on the intestinal tract. When the fruit is ripe its pulp dries to form a powder used as a bitter medicine and drastic purgative. This powder is so inflammable that the Arabs collect it to use as kindling. The fruit is used to repel moths from wool. In India, the vine is planted as a sand binder. Seed, often removed from the poisonous pulp and eaten in Central Sahara regions, contains a fixed oil.


Family Cucurbitaceae Odour Characteristic odour
Latin Name Citrullus colocynthi Herb Extract Ratio7:1
Sanskrit Name Aindri, Atmaraksha Water solubility
Common Name bitter apple, bitter paddy melon, INDRAY Alkaloid Bitters About 6%
Solvent Used Water Taste Bitter, Nutty - flavored
Storage Condition Store in a Dry and cool place in double PP bag with container.Appearance Brown Powder

Total heavy metal NMT 10 ppm

Heavy Metal- Total heavy metal NMT 10 ppm Arsenic NMT 3 ppm
Lead- NMT 10 ppm
Cadmium NMT 0.3 ppm
Mercury NMT 1 ppm
Microbial Profile Total Plate Count NMT 1000 CFU/G
Yeast & Moulds NMT 100 CFU/G
E-Coli Absent
Salmonella Absent
Staphylococcus aureus Absent/G
Pseudomonas Absent/G


Active drug contains an ether-chloroform soluble resin, a phytosterol glycoside (citrullol), other glucosides (elaterin, elatericin B and dihydro-elatericin B), pectins and albuminoids. Bitter substance is colocynthin and colocynthetin. Roots contain a-elaterin, hentriacontane, and saponins. Per 100 g, the seed is reported to contain 556 calories, 6.7 g H2O, 23.6 g protein, 47.2 g fat, 19.5 g total carbohydrates, 1.5 g fiber, 3.0 g ash, 46 mg Ca, and 580 mg P. The oil contains oleic, linoleic, myristic, palmitic, and stearic acids. Seeds contain the phyto sterolin (ipurand), 2 phytosterols, 2 hydrocarbons, a saponin, an alkaloid, a polysaccharide or glycoside, and tannin.

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